Hillary Rodham Clinton is an outspoken advocate for social justice and women’s rights, and is considered by many to be the first major U.S. female political figure since Eleanor Roosevelt.
Hillary Diane Rodham was born in 1947 near Chicago, Illinois to Hugh Rodham and Dorothy Emma Howell Rodham. Clinton’s father’s textile business provided the family with a comfortable income and her parents placed a strong emphasis on hard work and academic excellence.
Clinton was an active student leader in school and adhered to the Republican Party of her parents. In 1964, she campaigned for Republican Presidential candidate Barry Goldwater and was the chair of the local chapter of the Young Republicans. After hearing Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. speak in 1962, Clinton’s political views began to shift and she started to develop strong opinions a surrounding civil rights, social justice and the Vietnam War.
Clinton entered Yale Law School in 1969 where she interned with children's advocate Marian Wright Edelman, and it was while working with Edelman that Clinton began to develop a strong interest in family law and issues affecting children.
After graduation, Clinton moved to Massachusetts where she continued to work with Edelman for the Children’s Defense Fund. In 1974, Clinton participated i the Watergate inquiry into the possible impeachment of President Richard Nixon. When Nixon resigned, Clinton moved to Arkansas where she taught at the University of Arkansas School of Law. In October 1975, she married Bill Clinton, whom she had first met while studying at Yale.
Clinton began work at Rose Law Firm in 1977 and a year later, she became the first woman ever to be named a full partner. Bill Clinton was elected governor of Arkansas in 1978, while Hillary continued to work on social programs to benefit children and the disadvantaged.
Clinton served as the First Lady of Arkansas for 12 years. In 1993, Bill Clinton ran for and was elected President. Hillary Clinton became the first First lady to have a post graduate degree, her own professional career and her own office in the West Wing of the White House. Clinton continued to work alongside her husband and played an important role in his administration in the White House.
In 1994, Clinton helped create the Department of Justice's Office on Violence Against Women and travelled to more than 80 countries where she was a forceful advocate for the rights of women.
Clinton continued to make history after Bill Clinton’s second term as President and was elected to the US Senate; she was the first woman to be elected to the U.S. Senate New York and she was the first wife of a president to seek and win national office. m
In 2007, Clinton set her n another first, the first female president of the United States. She was an early front runner for the Democratic nomination, although she ultimately lost to Barak Obama, who would go on to win the 200 o8 lection. E
Sources:Hillary Clinton Biography
Hillary Rodham Clinton | The White House
Hillary Rodham Clinton Encyclopedia Britannica
Hillary Clinton Biography National First Ladies' Library
Hillary Rodham Clinton American Experience
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